Gonorrhea is a common sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. It is estimated that more than 100 million new cases of gonorrhea occur globally each year, making it one of the most widespread STIs. While gonorrhea can affect both men and women, the symptoms in men can be more apparent and uncomfortable. In this article, we will take a closer look at the symptoms of gonorrhea in men.
Gonorrhea is primarily spread through sexual contact, including vaginal, anal, and oral sex. The infection can also be transmitted from a mother to her baby during childbirth. The symptoms of gonorrhea in men can occur within a few days or up to several weeks after exposure to the bacteria.
One of the most common symptoms of gonorrhea in men is a burning or painful sensation when urinating. This is known as dysuria and can be accompanied by an increased urge to urinate. Some men also experience a yellowish or greenish discharge from the penis, which is a sign of pus caused by the infection.
In addition to dysuria and discharge, other symptoms of gonorrhea in men can include swelling and tenderness of the testicles, which is known as epididymitis. This can cause pain or discomfort in the scrotum, especially when walking or sitting. Men with gonorrhea also experience rectal pain or discharge if the infection is acquired through anal sex.
It is important to note that not all men infected with gonorrhea will experience symptoms. Asymptomatic gonorrhea can still be transmitted to sexual partners, which is why regular STI testing is recommended for sexually active individuals.
If left untreated, gonorrhea can lead to serious health complications in men. In rare cases, the infection can spread to the bloodstream and cause a life-threatening condition known as sepsis. Gonorrhea can also cause epididymitis, which can lead to infertility if left untreated. The infection can also increase the risk of HIV transmission.
Diagnosis of gonorrhea in men can be done through a urine test or a swab of the urethra or rectum. Treatment typically involves antibiotics, which can effectively cure the infection in most cases. However, it is important to complete the full course of antibiotics as prescribed by your General Physician, even if symptoms improve before the medication is finished.
It is also important for sexual partners of infected individuals to get tested and treated, as the infections can be easily transmitted back and forth. This can help to prevent the spread of the infections and reduce the risk of complications.
In conclusion, gonorrhea is a common sexually transmitted infection that can cause uncomfortable and sometimes painful symptoms in men. Symptoms of gonorrhea in men can include dysuria, penile discharge, epididymitis, and rectal pain or discharge. While not all men infected with gonorrhea will experience symptoms, regular STI testing is still recommended for sexually active individuals to prevent the spread of the infection and reduce the risk of complications.